2007 Annual Report of the European Court of Human Rights
The report contains sections on the history and development of the institution, its composition and activities, and a survey of the main judgments and decisions in the last year. It also contains a statistical section.
In 2007, the number of applications was in excess of 41,000. The total number of cases pending rose was 103,000. Most applications are rejected. Just over 1,500 judgments on the merits were delivered.
The Court is an institution under the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (AKA European Convention of Human Rights) that was drawn up by the Council of Europe. The Court website has excellent information about its history, structure and procedures.
The Council of Europe is the continent's oldest political organization, founded in 1949. It groups together 47 countries, including many countries from Central and Eastern Europe, and it has granted observer status to five other countries (the Holy See, United States, Canada, Japan and Mexico). The Council of Europe is distinct from the European Union, but no country has ever joined the Union without first belonging to the Council of Europe.