Statistics Canada on Canadian Incaceration Rates
"In 2008/2009, Canada's incarceration rate increased 1% over the previous year, driven largely by the continued increase in the number of adults held in remand in provincial/territorial jails while awaiting trial or sentencing (...)"
"It was the fourth consecutive annual increase in the incarceration rate. The four increases followed a decade of steady declines attributable to a decrease in the number of youth and federal offenders held in custody."
"Canada's incarceration rate has tended to be higher than those in most Western European countries, yet far lower than that of the United States."