The most recent issue of the Weekly Checklist of Canadian Government Publications lists a series of research reports released by Justice Canada in recent months:
- Health Impacts of Violent Victimization on Women and their Children: "There is growing evidence of the strong links between violence against women and children and
significant physical and mental health impairment, and risky health behaviours. These are
prevalent among children, youth and adults victimized during childhood and/or adulthood.
Certain groups, for example Canada’s Aboriginal women, are at increased risk of more, and
more severe, violence, and potentially more significant health impacts.
While physical injuries and death form an important sub-set of the health impacts of violence,
the more prevalent consequences are longer-term mental health problems, which in turn
contribute to health risks as well as increasing the likelihood of being a violent offender or being
re-victimized at a later point in time. As well, newer research points to the longer term chronic
diseases associated with violent victimization."
- Gladue Practices in the Provinces and Territories: "This study is intended to provide a status report on pol icies and p
ractices in the provinces and
territories that reflect the principles set out in the Supreme Court decision in
R. v. Gladue
specialized courts for Aboriginal accused; (2)
training and awareness activities for
judges, probation officers, courtworkers and duty counsel; (3)
procedures for sentencing, bail
and parole hearings when a case involves an Aboriginal offender; and (4)
programs and resources for Aboriginal offenders (...) Overall, initiatives and programs that comply with the
decision were identified in all the
jurisdictions that took part in the study. Specialized
courts for Aboriginal persons
seem to be
of the most exemplary initiatives in terms of applying the
In total, 19
specialized courts (whether or not they deal exclusively with cases involving Aboriginal persons)
were listed in
training and awareness activities for justice system
officials, including judges, are provided in roughly half of the participating jurisdictions.
However, one of the participants questioned the quality of the training. Most jurisdictions stated
that bail and parole decision
making processes involving Aboriginal persons are informed by
type information. Community justice programs appear to exist in the majority of
jurisdictions. However, one of the participants observed that inadequate information sharing,
coordination, integration and communication between the various stakeholders in the justice
system and the persons in charge of community justice and health programs (e.g. substance
abuse and mental health treatments) may prove to be a significant obstacle to the effectiveness of
Another participant pointed that the need for more effective information sharing
must also be balanced with privacy and confidentiality considerations. In addition, establishing
partnerships between non
governmental organizations (NGOs) and the justice system seems to
be an approach that a number of jurisdictions have adopted to jointly identify solutions to the
situation experienced by Aboriginal persons in the justice system. Last, legal aid programs may
also play an important role in applying
principles as shown by certain exemplary
practices established by Legal Aid Ontario."
- The Path to Justice in a Court-Based Drug treatment court program: "Research has shown that people who graduate from drug treatment court program
s are less likely
to re-offend. However, the proportion of participants in drug treatment court programs who
graduate is typically low. Only about 10% of all participants graduate from the Ottawa drug
court program which was the subject of this study.
Clearly, the low success rate
diminishes the potential impact of
drug treatment court programs. Therefore, an important policy
issue is why some people graduate from the program while others do not. Any measures that
could increase the number of people who graduate would improve
the effectiveness of
treatment court programs.
This study takes an access to justice approach in attempting to understand why some treatment
court program participants successfully complete the program while others do not. "
- The Economic Impact of Firearm-related Crime in Canada, 2008: "In 2008, the total
economic and social
costs of firearm
related crime in Canada were
This amounted to a per capita cost of $93 in that year.
However, this is likely to be a conservative estimate due to the una
vailability of data in
victims may develop mental health problems, such as
depression, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), substance abuse and suicidal
costs are not included in this report due to data
costs outlined herein are
borne by the criminal justice system, victims and third parties in
The costs pertaining to the Canadian criminal justice system in 2008 amounted to
$302 million. A breakdown of the total criminal justice costs by sector
reveals that policing services used the majority of justice expenditures on firearm
(69.5%), followed by corrections (29.7%), courts (0.3%), prosecution (0.3%) and
legal aid (0.2%).
Victims bear the most direct and significant impact of crime.
Many costs incurred are
direct result of victimization of firearm
related crime, such as health care cost,
productivity losses and
value of stolen/damaged property. The total victim costs
including both tangible and intangible costs."
The Weekly Checklist
includes a listing of titles made available by the Parliament of
Canada, federal departments, and Statistics Canada to the Depository
Services Program for distribution to a network of Depository Libraries
in Canada and abroad.
Labels: aboriginal law, correctional services, courts, criminal law, drugs, firearms, Justice Canada, statistics, women, youth