In the most recent Weekly Checklist
of federal government publications, the latest annual report by Justice Canada on applications for ministerial review in cases of possible miscarriages of justice
"Since 1892, the Minister of Justice has had the power,
in one form or another, to review a criminal conviction
under federal law to determine whether there may
have been a miscarriage of justice. The current regime
is set out in section 696.1 – 696.6 of the Criminal Code."
"The conviction review process begins when a
person submits an 'application for ministerial
review (miscarriages of justice),' also known
as a conviction review application.
"The application for ministerial review must be
supported by new matters of significance — usually
important new information or evidence that was not
previously considered by the courts. If the Minister
is satisfied that those matters provide a reasonable
basis to conclude that a miscarriage of justice likely
occurred, the Minister may grant the convicted
person a remedy and return the case to the courts —
either referring the case to a court of appeal to be
heard as a new appeal or directing that a new trial
be held. The Minister may also refer a question to
the court of appeal in the appropriate province (...) "
"Under section 696.5 of the Criminal Code, the
Minister of Justice is required to submit an annual
report to Parliament regarding applications for
ministerial review (miscarriages of justice) within
six months of the end of the fiscal year. This is the
11th annual report, and it covers the period from April
1, 2012, to March 31, 2013. Under the Regulations
Respecting Applications for Ministerial Review —
Miscarriages of Justice (the Regulations),
the report must address the following matters:
- the number of applications for ministerial review made to the Minister; the number of applications that have been abandoned or that are incomplete; the number of applications that are at the preliminary assessment stage; the number of applications that are at the investigation stage; the number of decisions that the Minister has made; and any other information that the Minister considers appropriate."
The Weekly Checklist includes a listing of titles made available by the Parliament of Canada, federal departments, and Statistics Canada to the Depository Services Program for distribution to a network of Depository Libraries in Canada and abroad.
Labels: annual reports, courts, criminal law, evidence, Justice Canada