The Statistics Canada publication Juristat
has published an article on Police-reported cybercrime in Canada, 2012
"The rapid growth in Internet use has allowed for the emergence of new criminal opportunities ... Criminal offences involving a computer or the Internet as either the target of a crime or as an instrument used to commit a crime are collectively known as cybercrime ... Frauds, identity theft, extortion, criminal harassment, certain sexual offences, and offences related to child pornography are among the criminal violations that can be committed over the Internet using a computer, tablet, or smart phone."
"Using data from the 2012 Incident-based Uniform Crime Reporting Survey (UCR2.2), this Juristat article examines police-reported cybercrime in Canada ... Analysis is presented on the number of cybercrimes reported by police services covering 80% of the population of Canada, as well as the characteristics of incidents, victims, and persons accused of cyber-related violations. These findings are supplemented with self-reported data on cyber-bullying, based on results from the 2009 General Social Survey (GSS) on Victimization."
Among the highlights:
- In 2012, 9,084 incidents of cybercrime were
reported by select police services policing 80% of the population of
Canada. This represented a rate of 33 cybercrime incidents per 100,000
- The most common type of cybercrime was
fraud, accounting for more than half (54%) of all police-reported
cybercrimes in 2012. Intimidation violations, composed of violations
involving the threat of violence, accounted for 20% of police-reported
cybercrimes in 2012, while 16% of cybercrimes involved a sexual
- In 2012, an accused was identified by police
in a relatively small proportion (6%) of cybercrimes against property,
notably for incidents of fraud (5%) and identity theft (3%).
- An accused was identified by police in
connection with 31% of sexual cyber-related violations and 55% of
cybercrimes related to intimidation violations. Compared to
intimidation violations, sexual violations were more frequently cleared
by the laying of a charge (25% versus 18%).
- The majority (76%) of accused identified by
police in 2012 were men. For cyber-related violations of a sexual
nature, males accounted for 94% of accused.
- Accused identified by police in connection
with intimidation violations tended to young, with more than one-quarter
(28%) under the age of 18, whereas those accused of cybercrimes of a
sexual nature tended to be somewhat older, as the largest proportion
(22%) of accused of sexual cybercrimes were aged 25 to 34.
- In 2012, police identified 2,070 victims of
violent incidents involving a cybercrime. Females accounted for the
majority of victims of violent incidents associated with a cybercrime
(69%), particularly when incidents involved a sexual violation (84%).
- Overall, 42% of victims of police-reported
cybercrime were under the age of 18. In 2012, almost all (96%) victims
of sexual violations associated with a cybercrime were under 18 years
of age, including 10% of victims under the age of 12.
- Most victims (73%) of violent incidents
associated with a cybercrime knew the accused. Victims of sexual
violations involving a cybercrime were less likely to know the accused
(57%) relative to victims of non-sexual violent violations (77%).
- According to results from the 2009 General
Social Survey on Victimization, approximately 1.75 million Canadians
aged 15 and over reported that they had been cyber-bullied. This
represented 8% of Internet users aged 15 and over. Less than one in ten
(7%) victims of cyber-bullying reported the incident to police.
Labels: criminal law, Internet, police, statistics