In the wake of Friday's Supreme Court of Canada decision striking down the Criminal Code provisions on doctor-assisted suicide
, the Library of Parliament tweeted a link to its 2013 publication entitled Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide: International Experiences
"Over the last few decades, movements have arisen in a number of
jurisdictions in favour of the legalization of physician-assisted
suicide and, in some cases, euthanasia. At the same time, there
continues to be vocal opposition to the elimination of criminal
sanctions for individuals who either assist in or cause the death of a
person who has requested that his or her life be terminated. Although
there are many possible definitions of euthanasia and assisted suicide,
this paper uses the following:
"This paper reviews developments in jurisdictions that already permit
physician-assisted suicide or euthanasia (or both) in certain contexts,
as well as developments in some jurisdictions that appear to be moving
toward greater acceptance of these practices.
An appendix at the end of this paper provides an overview, in chart
format, of the current legal status of euthanasia and assisted suicide
in various jurisdictions."
- 'Euthanasia' is the deliberate act undertaken by one person with
the intention of ending the life of another person in order to relieve
that person’s suffering.
- 'Assisted suicide' is the act of intentionally killing oneself
with the assistance of another person who provides the knowledge, means
Labels: comparative and foreign law, criminal law, health law