The Statistics Canada publication Juristat
today published an article entitled Youth court statistics in Canada, 2013/2014:
"It highlights youth court key indicators, including the number of
completed charges and cases, characteristics of youth who appear in court, case
decisions, sentencing outcomes, and the length of time it takes to complete
youth court cases. In addition, trends over time in completed youth court cases
will also be presented."
Among the highlights:
- Canadian youth courts (involving 12- to 17-year-old accused)
completed almost 40,000 cases, representing a 12% decline from the previous year. The
number of completed cases in youth courts was the lowest number of completed
youth court cases since these data were first collected more than two decades
Most provinces and territories reported a decline in the number of
completed cases, with the exception of Yukon (+17%) and the Northwest
Territories (+2%), which reported increases. Prince Edward Island recorded the
largest decrease (-25%) in youth court cases.
The majority of completed youth court cases in 2013/2014 involved
non-violent crime (71%).
The most common Criminal Code youth court cases were theft
(12%), common assault (9%), and break and enter (8%).
Almost all types of completed youth court cases decreased between
2012/2013 and 2013/2014. Some
of the largest declines were for cases involving disturbing the peace (-35%),
impaired driving (-25%) and robbery (-18%).
represented 78% of all accused persons appearing in youth court in 2013/2014.
In addition, regardless of gender, most (62%) youth court cases involved those
aged 16 or 17 years at the time of the alleged offence.
2013/2014, 56% of all cases completed in youth court resulted in a finding of
sentences were imposed in 15% of guilty youth court cases in 2013/2014, which
is down from 22% in 2003/2004. The imposition of custodial sentences has been
offset somewhat by sentences to deferred custody and supervision (imposed in 5%
of cases in 2013/2014), since the latter was introduced as a sentencing option
in 2003 with the introduction of the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA).
median length of custodial sentences was 80 days for violent offence cases, 45
days for property offences, and 18 days for administration of justice offences.
Only 2% of cases received a custody sentence of one year or more.
continued to be the most common type of youth court sentence (58%) in
2013/2014. The median length of probation sentences was about 1 year (360
Labels: courts, criminal law, statistics, youth