Final Report (1991-2009) of the Indian Specific Claims Commission
The Commission was created in 1991 under the federal Inquiries Act. Its primary role was to provide an alternative to the courts for First Nations whose specific claims had been rejected by Canada.
Specific claims refer to grievances relating to Canada's obligations under historic treaties with First Nations or the way it managed First Nation funds or assets.
In such cases, a First Nation had the option to refer its claim to the Commission to conduct an independent review of the government's decision. The Commission made "non-binding" recommendations on the validity of rejected claims and on which compensation criteria should apply in the negotiation of a settlement where the claimant disagreed with Canada's determination of the applicable criteria.
In its annual reports to Parliament over the past ten years, the Commission repeated its recommendation that it should be replaced by an independent body with adjudicative powers. Such an independent body was created on October 16, 2008 when the Specific Claims Tribunal Act came into effect.
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