The most recent issue of the Weekly Checklist of Canadian Government Publications lists a 2012 study entitled An Estimation of the Economic Impact of Spousal Violence in Canada, 2009
. It was published by Justice Canada:
more Canadians understand about the costly and serious impact of
spousal violence, the better prepared we are to continue efforts to
prevent it and where it does occur, to protect and assist victims, to
hold perpetrators accountable, and to take measures to break the cycle
of violence. Estimating the economic impact of a social phenomenon such
as spousal violence, a process known as costing, is a way to measure
both the tangible and intangible impacts of that phenomenon. By placing a
dollar value on the impact, a common unit of measurement is provided.
The dollar value for the economic impact of spousal violence can then be
compared to the corresponding estimates of other social phenomena.
Proponents of costing contend that the understanding of economic impacts
and the comparison of different social issues in the same units are
important to policymakers, activists, social workers, and the public by
assisting in the proper allocation of resources, and in evaluating the
effectiveness of programs (...)"
"This is the first study which provides a comprehensive estimate of the
economic impact (costs) of spousal violence in Canada. All incidents of
spousal violence that were reported in 2009 are taken into account, and
all costs that could be reasonably attributed to these incidents are
included, whether the costs were realized in 2009 or at some later date."
"The Uniform Crime Reporting Survey 2 (UCR2) reports that 46,918 spousal
violence incidents were brought to the attention of police in 2009, 81%
involving female victims and 19% involving male victims. According to
the 2009 General Social Survey, Cycle 23, Victimization (GSS), 335,697
Canadians were victims of 942,000 spousal violence incidents in 2009;
54% of the victims were female, and 46% of the victims were male. More
victims were victimized by current spouses (69%) than by ex-spouses
"Including the impact borne by the justice system, the impact borne by primary
victims, and the impact borne by third parties and others, the total
economic impact of spousal violence in Canada in 2009 is estimated at $7.4 billion, amounting to $220 per Canadian."
"The justice system bore 7.3% ($545.2 million) of the total economic impact,
with $320.1 million borne by the criminal justice system (police,
court, prosecution, legal aid, and correctional services) and $225.1
million borne by the civil justice system (civil protection orders,
divorce and separation, and the child protection system)."
"Victim costs ($6.0 billion) accounted for the largest proportion (80.7%) of
the total economic impact for cost items such as medical attention, lost
wages, lost education, the value of stolen/damaged property, and pain
"Third-party costs ($889.9 million) represented 12.0% of the total costs.
Substantial costs included social service operation costs ($410.6
million), losses to employers ($77.9 million), the negative impact on
children exposed to spousal violence ($235.2 million), and other
government expenditures ($116.3 million)."
"The majority ($5.5 billion) of the economic impact of spousal violence in
2009 were in the form of intangible costs borne by victims (pain and
suffering and loss of life) and their family members (loss of affection
"For the $1.7 billion of tangible costs (excluding lost future income of
children), the state paid 63.8%, individuals (mainly victims) paid
29.4%, and the private sector paid 6.9%."
"Due to data unavailability and the limitations of existing data in many
areas of research, the estimate of $7.4 billion is a conservative
The Weekly Checklist
includes a listing of titles made available by the
Parliament of Canada, federal departments, and Statistics Canada to the
Depository Services Program for distribution to a network of
Libraries in Canada and abroad.
Labels: criminal law, Justice Canada, statistics