The National Information Standards Organization has published a white paper The Future of Library Resource Discovery
, written by library technology author Marshall Breeding
The paper provides an overview of current resource discovery tools, and describes how these technologies, methodologies, and products may be able to
adapt to potential future change.
These tools allow users to search all of a library's offerings
(databases, catalogue, dissertations, institutional repositories, e-book
subscriptions) through a single interface and via a preharvested central
index, AKA a single search interface on steroids.
Earlier Library Boy posts on resource discovery include:
- Electronic Resources and Libraries Conference - Web Scale Discovery (March
3, 2011): "...another big theme that emerged at the conference is what
is called 'web scale discovery' or WSD (...) Basically, WSD tools claim
to offer a unified search of all of a library's offerings through a
single interface. Contrary to federated search, WSD tools are based on a
pre-harvested centralized unified index of an institution's licensed
and local collections. Services such as Serials Solutions Summon,
WorldCat Local, Primo Central or EBSCO Discovery pre-index material from
subscription databases, library holdings, dissertations, institutional
repositories, e-book subscriptions, etc. to allow fast, simultaneous
searching. We briefly looked into WSD at my place of work but decided
not to pursue things further for a few reasons. In particular, not all
vendors of legal research materials play along and will allow their
content and metadata to be harvested into a unified index. And these
tend to be relatively expensive products."
- OCLC Report on Single Search: The Quest for the Holy Grail (August
23, 2011): "The prominence of multidisciplinary research, the increase
in the use of primary materials, and the desire to make new connections
across disparate materials all would be advanced by the offering of
single search to open up all the collections to the researcher (...)
OCLC Research facilitated the working group of nine single search
implementers through discussions about the opportunities for, and
obstacles to, integrated access across an institution. They told their
stories, categorized a list of issues, and created and answered a
questionnaire looking for similarities and differences in their
approaches. This brief report summarizes those discussions and
highlights emerging practices in providing access to LAM [libraries,
archives and museums] collections, with a particular emphasis on
successful strategies in the quest for single search."
- AALL Spectrum Article on Discovery Tools in Law Libraries (November
30, 2011): "The most recent issue of the AALL Spectrum, a monthly
publication of the American Association of Law Libraries (AALL), has an
article on Discovery Layers in Law Libraries - A progress report on how our institutions are implementing this new technology (...)
The author ... ran into some of the same problems we did at my place of
work when we looked into discovery tools: 'Most concerning are the
restrictive and expensive licensing policies of the largest legal
information publishers [i.e. Westlaw and Lexis - my note],
whose materials are by and large unrepresented in discovery layer
systems because of these restrictions. What is the benefit of marketing
such a tool to our students and faculty if their most vital sources of
information are nowhere to be found in the system?' "
- Evaluation of Single Search Implementation at North Carolina State University (January
10, 2012): "Academic libraries are turning increasingly to unified
search solutions to simplify search and discovery of library resources.
Unfortunately, very little research has been published on library user
search behavior in single search box environments. This study examines
how users search a large public university library using a prominent,
single search box on the library website. The article examines two
semesters of real-world data, totaling nearly 1.4 million transactions.
Findings include that unified library search is about more than the
catalog and articles, though these predominate. Additionally, a small
number of the most popular search queries accounts for a
disproportionate amount of the overall queries."
- Evaluating Web-Scale Discovery Services (April 30, 2012): "The April 2012 issue of Computers in Libraries
features an article by Athena Hoeppner on The Ins and Outs of
Evaluating Web-Scale Discovery Services. Hoeppner is the electronic
resources librarian at the University of Central Florida: (...)
Librarians around the world are trying to learn what these services are
and how they work, evaluating the services on the market, selecting and
implementing a service, and then teaching colleagues and patrons all
about it. (...) Based on my investigations, this article explains WSD
concepts and terminology, shares findings from my interviews with major
WSD vendors, and provides a template checklist, which librarians can use
during their own exploration of these systems (...)"
- UK Report on Web-Scale Resource Discovery Tools (December 19, 2013): "The information research organization UKSG, in cooperation with Loughborough University and Birmingham City University, has published a study that assesses the Impact of library discovery technologies in academic libraries. These technologies are also called web-scale discovery tools."
Labels: catalogues, databases, e-resources, IT trends, search