The Statistics Canada publication Juristat
recently published 2 articles on the correctional system:
- Adult correctional statistics in Canada, 2013/2014: "In 2013/2014, on any given day, there were on average 139,337 adult
offenders being supervised in either provincial/territorial or federal
correctional services. In the 10 reporting provinces and territories for which both custody
and community data were available, there were a total of 116,442 adult
offenders in either custody or a community program on a given day. This
represents a rate of 492 offenders per 100,000 adult population, a
decrease of 4% from the previous year and a decline of 12% compared to
five years earlier ...
In addition, on a typical day, there were 22,895 adult offenders in
the federal correctional system. This represented a rate of 81 per
100,000 adult population, a figure that was down 3% from the previous
year. However, compared to 2009/2010, the federal rate was up (4%).
More than 8 in 10 adults under correctional supervision in the
provinces and territories in 2013/2014 were in the community (82%) and
the remaining 18% were in custody."
- Youth correctional statistics in Canada, 2013/2014: "The majority of youth who are involved with the youth correctional
system are being supervised in community corrections rather than in
custody. In 2013/2014, for the nine reporting jurisdictions, there were 9,458 youth being supervised on an average day ... Of this total, 90% were being supervised in the community, primarily
while serving a sentence of probation. These findings are consistent
with the YCJA sentencing principles which state that all sanctions
other than custody should be considered for youth whenever appropriate.
The average daily rate of youth involved in correctional services was
63 per 10,000 youth population. This was down 9% from the year before
and 25% from five years earlier. The youth crime rate has also been
decreasing over the last decade ... There were declines in both the youth custody and community
populations in 2013/2014. On average 8,514 youth were being supervised
in the community on a typical day. This equated to a rate of 57 young
persons per 10,000 youth, a figure that was down 9% from the previous
year and 26% lower than five years earlier. There were 1,019 young
persons in custody on any given day, resulting in a youth incarceration
rate of 6 per 10,000 youth population. The youth incarceration rate declined from 7 per 10,000 youth in
2012/2013 and dropped for the sixth consecutive year, continuing the
downward trend since the rate peaked in the mid-1990s"
Labels: correctional services, statistics, youth